The stinging nettle is part of a genus of about 45 plants and it is widespread worldwide. The stinging nettle is known by the small stinging hairs on its leaves and stem - its Latin name Urtica was given to the plant by the Romans (from the word urere, to burn).
The plant is rich in iron and vitamins A and C. It is also used as a commercial source of chlorophyll.
Nettle has been a popular remedy for anaemia due to its iron content. It has also been traditionally used to alleviate various skin and scalp conditions and herbalists believe it stimulates new hair growth and helps prevent hair loss.
Rosmarinus officinalis is also known as sea rose, compass plant and Mary's tree. This aromatic evergreen shrub of the mint family is native to the Mediterranean region.
Leaves and flowering tops of rosemary are collected in spring and early summer, and are distilled for oil, or dried for infusions, decoctions, extracts, spirits, and tinctures.
Rosemary is rich in volatile oils, flavonoids and phenolic acids, which are antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial. These properties make rosemary particularly useful for spot-prone problem skins and flaky, itchy scalps.
Vinegars are a combination of various acids including acetic acid. Rice vinegar is made by fermenting rice. Acetic acid occurs naturally in some plant and animal tissues. It is a traditional cooking ingredient, which is especially important in sweet and sour dishes.
Acetic acid and vinegars are common cosmetics ingredients. They are used in shampoos, mouthwashes and skin creams. Many people throughout history have attributed health benefits to vinegar. Various vinegars have been used to wash acne skin, improve scalp health and to brighten the complexion. Japanese women have relied on vinegar as a beauty aid for centuries.
Alters the pH value of the product, which makes an inhospitable environment for bacteria.