The damask rose (Rosa damascena, from the plant family Rosaceae) grows across Bulgaria, Turkey, Russia, India and China. It is a deciduous shrub with thorns and leathery leaves, followed by fragrant flowers.
Roses are grown all over the globe. They are native to the temperate regions of Northern hemisphere, primarily to Asia, with some species being native to Northwest Africa, Europe and Northern America.
Today's vast array of rose varieties was achieved by crossing approximately 10 original species.
Roses have been important from the earliest of times in rituals, cosmetics, perfumes, soaps, food flavouring and medicines. In A.D.77, Pliny recorded 32 different ailments that could benefit from the use of the rose. The British Pharmacopoeia listed the petals as astringent.
Rose is said to have been the first floral essential oil to be distilled and has been important in fragrances and flavours for thousands of years. Rose oil has been highly valued throughout history.
Rose-based ingredients are particularly suited to mature, dry and sensitive skins, but are excellent for all skin types.